The Cova da Iria was where the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to several young shepherds who'd taken their sheep there to pasture. Perhaps not a lot more is thought about this place near Fatima, Portugal, but there is more to be known and thought about.
It was a place chosen from On High for heavenly visitations. To give this some context, let us consider several encounters from heaven, in chronological order, Guadalupe, Lourdes and then Fatima. One may ask is there anything about the place names, or what's associated with them, of a spiritual nature.
About the Guadalupe and Lourdes Encounters
There's the spot in Mexico where Mary is remembered as Our Lady of Guadalupe. She appeared in 1531 to a poor Indian atop a hill called Tepeyacac (shortened to Tepeyac), a name in Aztec language. You may easily see part of the Aztec word for hill, tepetl, incorporated in the word, and along with it, yacatl for a nose, I'd guess because it faced Texcoco Lake. But its importance isn't in its etymology.
What is significant is that the Indians had a temple on this hill to a pagan mother goddess called Tonantzin, (Aztec: To [our] + nan
As to Lourdes, while it may have some significance in the way it was named, there's more in happenings that took place there. Besides the story of Bernardette, there's another that's worth noting in some detail.
In 732 the Saracens, invading territory that's now France, penetrated as far north as Tours on the Loire River. Here Charles Martel defeated them. Francis Trochu, an international historian of note (has books honored by the Academie Francaise), says that the Sararens retreated toward Spain with some holding out in fortresses in Aquitaine, one being the castle of Mirambel upon rock that overhung what is now Lourdes.
Trochu also wrote about the grandson of Martel, known in history as Charlemagne. He said a weary Charlemagne, returning from Spain in 778, attacked the garrison at Mirabel and laid siege to the castle. In the fortress was one Mirat who swore by Mahomet that "he would not surrender to any mortal man." The stronghold seemed impregnable, and the siege prolonged.
The town to become Lourdes was situated in the foothills of the Pyrennes, and the rearguard of Charlemagne's army passing through these mountains, between France and Spain, was ambushed by Basques in the Rouncevaux Pass. They killed his nephew Roland, the hero of the French epic, The Song of Roland.
According to an account in Trochu's Saint Bernadette Soubirous, an eagle dropped a trout inside the walls of the enemy-held fortress. The bird had seized the fish from a river known as the Gave. Another account, a legendary one, says the trout was enormous and the eagle dropped it at Mirat's feet. Trochu wrote that the “still floundering” fish was sent to the besieger to indicate that they had plenty of food. Trochu says Charlemagne was discouraged and thought of lifting the siege. But, Trochu wrote, Roracius, Bishop of Le Puy and Chaplain of the Frankish army, smelled a ruse. Something fishy, if you will.
He arranged an audience with Mirat and saw that the Saracens had run out of resources. Mirat stood by his oath. The bishop asked him: "Brave prince, you have sworn never to yield to any mortal man. Could you not with honour make your surrender to an immortal lady? Mary, Queen of Heaven, has her throne at Le Puy, and I am her humble minister there." Freed of his oath, Mirat accepted, and — surprising as it may seem — became a Christian, baptized under the name Lorus. Knighted by Charlemagne, he received command of the fortress. The learned assert, so it's said, that it's from Lorus that the name Lourdes comes.
Mirat made a vow he wouldn't to surrender to any mortal man, but when it was put to him whether He'd surrender to a woman, namely, the Blessed Virgin, he yielded and even became a Christian. Here a Muslim converted to the True Faith because of Mary. A sign may be seen in this, and this assumes great importance in the unfolding of happenings in the world, beginning with Mary's appearance to Bernardette.
The Fatima Encounter at the Cova da Iria
Near Fatima in Portugal, Mary appeared to three shepherd children. She
had come down to earth, the Mother of "the lamb of God!" She had come to a
place known as the Cova da Iria.
Note the slope of the land, which gives us an idea of the shape of the Cova. What appear to be parallel marks in the foreground, could be rivulets of rainwater, running downward . Yet, in spite of the rain, it appears there could be a fire with smoke rising in the upper right. Curious, perhaps it's not raining there as much at the time. Note the speckled appearance of the land in the foreground. Then see the rocks on the ground in a picture below.
70.000 people witnessed the miracle predicted two months in advance by the little seers. Quite a crowd is encompassed in this picture. It appears some of the people farther away on higher ground. It looks like mist-shrouded trees are rising above them in the far background, perhaps growing on the rim of the natural depression called a cova.
OCTOBER 13, 1917. THE GREAT MIRACLE.Some pilgrims during the dance of the sun. The photo shows people gazing upward. Note the boy with his hands folded, with a staff under the crook of his arm, perhaps used to guide an animal as they traveled to the site. Note also the stones upon the ground, possibly broken and worn pieces of sedimentary rock, as there's the Dinosaur Footprints Natural Monument at Fatima, and more than 200 prints have been found in a quarry. (Geologically, sedimentary rock deposits in layers or strata and forms a veneer over other rock, mainly of igneous and metamorphic origin. A dinosaur's feet would step in the soft sediment leaving marks of its passage ).
Among meanings for cova, like cavern or hole or even a dimple, this Cova is descriptive of a large surface cavity or hollow in the land, located a little northwest of Fatima. Fatima is situated on a limestone massif and in the area are geological formations of sinkholes, caves with stalactites and stalagmites, and karst grottos. Karst is a landscape formed by the dissolution of soluble rock like limestone.
The formation of the Cova in light of what would in time occur there, and be used for, is God's work through His processes of nature. Local geological study may show something different, but with a knowledge of limestone rock, might it not be possible that the Cova is a subsided and sunken area resulting from subterranean dissolution. In the course of time to become a gathering space, like an large amphitheater, for a response in prayer and devotion to what heaven would request? It seems possible.
But of the three words, Cova da Iria, the important word is Iria. It's the name of a saint, one special enough for Christ to intervene and tell of her martyred whereabouts.
Born in Tomar, Portugal, legend says she would leave her house to attend Mass or pray at the sanctuary of St. Peter. It happened that a young nobleman named Britald saw her on one of these occasions and fell in love with her. He followed her and proposed to court her, but she had given herself to God. Her tutor monk also fancied her, made unwelcome advances, and when she turned him down, he quit teaching her and spread rumors. He gave her a drink to bloat her belly, and said she was pregnant. Britald learning of her supposed infidelity to her virtue of purity, became enraged and hired a soldier to kill her. This Visgothic maiden was martyred in the year 653.
Her body was thrown into Nabão River, which flows through Tomar, and afterwards into the Zezere, and that river into the Tagus, also called Tejo. Her martyred body was later recovered incorrupt near the town of Scabalis, situated on the Tejo. It had been washed downstream for some distance. Legend says that Christ revealed to Iria's abbot uncle, the truth about his niece and her body's whereabouts. The monks recovered her body and gave her a proper burial. The name of Scabalis was changed in her honor, and was called Santarem, for Santa Iria, her holiness being recognized.
In some way her name became attached to the Cova. One account says she probably had a hermitage there. Another states her prayers may've "won her the courage there (bold type mine) to protect her virtue, even at the cost of her life." And yet another relates that the Cova da Iria was without doubt named in her honor, but martyred at Tomar. Whether at the Cova or Tomar, the Portuguese soil drank of her martyred blood and the Cova remembers her with the name, Cova da Iria. Accounts sometimes differ as to how something comes about in people's recollections of history. Sometimes the more you know, the less you know..that is from differing versions know for certain.
Geographically, the Cova is near Fatima, and by flight, the distance between Fatima and Tomar has been figured at 13 miles, and by driving, at 24 miles by winding road. The Nabão River runs southward toward Tomar with its course flowing some distance east of Fatima and the Cova. So there's an unknown here and an improbable. It would seem quite unlikely that Iria was martyred at the Cova and then taken a number of miles to the east, to be thrown in the Nabão.
Yet there's a connection to the Cova in some way.
What about her having a hermitage there? A hermitage is defined as the
habitation of a hermit or a secluded residence. It doesn't seem likely she
would've lived alone as a hermit, her safety being vulnerable as a woman.
Possibly St. Iria had some family or relatives in the vicinity of what would
become Fatima, had visited them, enjoyed the vista of the cova, and even
prayed there, and this was later recalled after the tragedy of her death.
And possibly, after her death, they established a local shrine to honor her
memory. That's considering the possibilities, and is reasoning to a possible
But there's more about her name: it's Greek for Irene or Irena and means Peace. Mary wanted the Rosary to be prayed for peace in the world. She said in June 1917, "Say the Rosary every day to obtain peace for the world, and the end of the war." In July she said, "...continue to say five decades of the Rosary every day in honor of Our Lady of the Rosary to obtain the peace of the world and the end of the war, for She alone will be able to help."
The Cova da Iria is the Cova of Peace!
In October the Miracle of the Sun reflected to earth, trees shrubs,
upturned faces and faces "all sorts of brilliant colors in succession: green
red, orange, blue, violet, the whole spectrum in fact." One witness of the
miracle said, "I saw the people changing colour, they were stained with the
colours of the rainbow..."
We might even think of it this way: the Eternal Light of Christ shines on our teardrops of sorrow and repentance for sin, and produces the beauty of grace.―John Riedell
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